Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to: a. Describe the History of Fire Fighting. b. Describe the great fires in the History of Fire Fighting. c. Describe the role of Insurance companies in the History of Fire Fighting. d. Name the first metropolitan fire brigade established in the history of Fire Fighting. e. Describe the old era Fire Fighting Tools and Techniques.
Fire Fighting History:
The Roman emperor Augustus Ceaser is cited with instituting a corp. of fire fighting slaves (600); “Familia Publica” in 24 BC.
Roman emperor Nero established Corps of Vigiles (7000 freeman) as responsible for Fire Fighting, Fire prevention and building inspections.
The great fires of the world
17th Century Great Fire of London (The Extent of Great Fire of London).
The Great Fire of London (1666):
The Great fire raged for more than 24 hours.
London city was almost completed destroyed.
Many people became homeless..
Efeltoown at one of the biggest fires in the world.
The Great Fire of Chicago (1“ October 1871).
The Great Fire of Chicago:
The Great fire raged for 24 hours.
10 sq km area was completed destroyed.
300 residents died.
100,000 people became homeless.
18000 buildings destroyed.
Role of Insurance companies in the History of Fire Fighting:
Following the Great Fire of London in 1666, fire brigades were formed by insurance companies.
The primary motive of the insurance companies was business and to earn money
4.The first modern standards of fire fighting in the world
The first modern standards for the operation of a fire department were established until 1830, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
4.1 the first fire brigade of the world:
The government was not involved until 1865, when these brigades became London’s Metropolitan Fire Brigade.
5. Old era Fire Fighting Tools and Techniques:
The principle piece of Firefighting equipment in ancient Rome and into early modern times was the Bucket, passed from hand to hand to deliver water to the Fire. Another important Fire Fighting tool was the fire man Axe.