Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:
- List the basic knots used in rescue operations.
- List the types of knots according to usage.
- Describe Knots (Rescue Knots).
There are several knots used in the rescue. These are given below
- Stopper knot
- Clove hitch
- Reef knot
- Rolling knot
- Slip knot
- Sheet bend
- The figure of eight on a bight
- Round turn with two half hitches
- Prussic knot
- Loop knot
- Englishman loop
- Bowline knot or safety knot
- Double bowline knot
- Triple bowline knot
- Long-tail bowline knot
This knot is applied to the ends of the rope to secure the fibers of the ropes. It is also applied after every knot to secure the knot. This Rescue Knot is used to stop the extra opening of the rope in routine uses and thus rope is saved.
The clove hitch is used in making an anchor point. When the load is applied it goes more tightly.
A reef knot is applied to join the ropes of the same diameter.
This knot is commonly used to hold the fire hose on height..
This knot is used to make an anchor point on the height where you cannot tec’oach. So you apply this from the ground and perform rescue activities.
This knot is used to join the ropes of different diameters.
The figure of eight on bight:
It is also applied to the anchor points.
Round turn with two half hitches:
It is also applied to the anchor point.
Prussic (Prusik) Knot:
The prussic knot is a very important knot. It works as a lock-in rope system. When you are pulling the rope and there is a load on another side, it is difficult to hold that load. Prusik knot holds the rope.
This knot is used to make an anchoring hook; it is very simple and rapid making.
English Loop Knot:
English Loop Knot is used to make the anchoring hook.
The bowline is also known as a safety knot. Rescuers use this for personal safety and also to secure the victim.
Double Bow Line Knot:
This knot rescuer is used during water emergencies for personal safety.
Triple Bow Line Knot:
This knot is used to make the full-body harness.
Long Tail Bowline Knot:
Long Tail Bowline Knot knot is very important to use only high rise buildings for securing the rescuer and basket stretcher.