Types And Uses Of Basic Knots In Rescue Operations

OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

  1. List the basic knots used in rescue operations.
  2. List the types of knots according to usage.
  3. Describe Knots (Rescue Knots).

Rescue Knots:

There are several knots used in the rescue. These are given below

  • Stopper knot
  • Clove hitch
  • Reef knot
  • Rolling knot
  • Slip knot
  • Sheet bend
  • The figure of eight on a bight
  • Round turn with two half hitches
  • Prussic knot
  • Loop knot
  • Englishman loop
  • Bowline knot or safety knot
  • Double bowline knot
  • Triple bowline knot
  • Long-tail bowline knot

Stopper Knot:

This knot is applied to the ends of the rope to secure the fibers of the ropes. It is also applied after every knot to secure the knot. This Rescue Knot is used to stop the extra opening of the rope in routine uses and thus rope is saved. stopper knot in middle of rope

Clove Hitch:

The clove hitch is used in making an anchor point. When the load is applied it goes more tightly.

Clove Hitch knot

Reef Knot:

A reef knot is applied to join the ropes of the same diameter.

Square Knot (Reef Knot)

Rolling Knot:

This knot is commonly used to hold the fire hose on height..

Rolling Knot Pics

Slip Knot:

This knot is used to make an anchor point on the height where you cannot tec’oach. So you apply this from the ground and perform rescue activities.

How to Tie a Slip Knot

Sheet Bend:

This knot is used to join the ropes of different diameters.

How to Tie a Double Sheet Bend Knots

The figure of eight on bight:

It is also applied to the anchor points.

How to tie a figure eight knot on a bight

Round turn with two half hitches:

It is also applied to the anchor point.

How to tie a Round Turn and Two Half Hitches

Prussic (Prusik) Knot:

Prussic knot is very important knot. It works as the lock in rope system. When you are pulling the rope and there is load on other side, it is difficult to hold that load. Prusik knot holds the rope.  How to tie the Prusik Knot

Loop Knot:

This knot is used to make an anchoring hook; it is a very simple and rapid making.

Non Slip Loop Knot

English Loop Knot:

English Loop Knot is used to make the anchoring hook.

English Loop Knot

Bowline:

The bowline is also known as a safety knot. Rescuers use this for personal safety and also to secure the victim.

How to Tie a Bowline Knot

Double Bow Line Knot:

This knot rescuer used during water emergencies for personal safety.

How to Tie a Bowline on a Bight

Triple Bow Line Knot:

This knot is used to make the full-body harness.

Triple Bowline Knot images

Long Tail Bowline Knot:

Long Tail Bowline Knot knot is very important to use only high rise building for securing the rescuer and basket stretcher. 

Doubled longtail bowline

 

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